Wearing Shades Because Your Future Is Bright


Content From: http://www.glasseshistory.com/glasses-history/history-of-sunglasses/

While even in prehistoric time Inuit peoples wore flattened walrus ivory glasses to block harmful reflected rays of the sun, the earliest historical reference to sunglasses dates back to ancient China and Rome. The Roman emperor Nero watched gladiator fights through polished gems.

In China, sunglasses were used in the 12th century or possible earlier. These sunglasses were made out of lenses that were flat panes of smoky quartz. They offered no corrective powers nor they protect from harmful UV rays but did protect the eyes from glare. Ancient documents describe the use of such crystal sunglasses by judges in ancient Chinese courts to hide their facial expression when they interrogated witnesses.


Content From: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sunglasses

In the early 20th century, they were also known as sun cheaters (cheaters being an American slang term for glasses

James Ayscough began experimenting with tinted lenses in spectacles in the mid-18th century, around 1752. These were not “sunglasses” as that term is now used; Ayscough believed that blue- or green-tinted glass could correct for specific vision impairments. Protection from the Sun’s rays was not a concern for him.
Content From: https://www.racked.com/2015/4/6/8349545/sunglasses-history

By the 19th century, sunglasses started offering greater protection from the light and were being worn by a much younger population, namely those suffering from syphilis. In part, this was because sensitivity to light is a symptom of the STD. Additionally, it was easy to suspend a metal nose covering between the sunglasses.

You see, this was very helpful since one of the more notable symptoms of syphilis is that it causes noses to rot off. Or, at least, it often leads to saddle nose and skin deterioration around the nostrils. People in the late stages of the disease would often wear contraptions that looked a little bit like those glasses-and-fake-nose accessories you see on Halloween.


Content From: Content From: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sunglasses

In the early 1920s, the use of sunglasses started to become more widespread, especially among movie stars. It is commonly believed that this was to avoid recognition by fans, but an alternative reason sometimes given is that they often had red eyes from the powerful arc lamps that were needed due to the extremely slow speed film stocks used.


Some More Recent Sunglasses History/Patents:

In 1916 ‘Sun-glasses’ were invented by Fred C Clarke and were used primarily for baseball players, “My invention relates to improvements in eye-glasses or spectacles particularly adapted for the use of baseball players whose positions when in the field are such that they are forced to look toward the sun in facing the diamond or the batter.”



Edward Land (Co-Founder/Owner of Polaroid) used the technology on glasses that would be ‘polarized.’ Note: he held over 500 patents.



It’s arguable who invented Aviator Sunglasses. Many attribute them to the company Ray Ban (part of a company called Bausch and Lomb) who made “Ray-Ban Aviators” in 1937 but it’s believed that a company called American optical made them for the Air Force in 1935-a few years prior. http://theeyewearblog.com/the-first-aviator-sunglasses-revealed-were-they-ray-bans-part-four/


Many also believe that if Tom Cruise didn’t wear them in several of his films they would have lost popularity-Thank you Tom?!? They were originally made for pilots and fitted with green lenses to cut out glare. A year or so later they were rebranded and mass produced.


These highly recognizable Oakley glasses were patented in 2003. Oakley holds more than 600 patents for eyewear and performance gear.



At Mohr IP Law we believe your future is so bright you will want to wear shades. We also think it’s possibly to work hard and stay classy at the same time. The sun is finally shining and so are your ideas. Protect your eyes and your ideas-let’s get your intellectual property projects going! Contact us today for a free 30 minute no-cost attorney consultation.

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Patents for Humanity


In 2012, the Obama administration started an award program run by the United States Patent and Trademark Office to award new innovations that solve/help solve global development challenges. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Patents_for_Humanity.

Winners in the program receive a variety of business incentives including but not limited to an acceleration certificate to expedite their application process and public recognition of their work. https://www.uspto.gov/patent/initiatives/patents-humanity/learn-more

Selection Criteria

Applications will be judged by one of the following sets of criteria, depending on how their technology benefits the less fortunate. Humanitarian Use is for those applying eligible technologies to positively impact a humanitarian issue, focusing on demonstrable real-world improvements:

  1. Subject Matter – the applicant’s technology, which is claimed in a U.S. utility patent in force at the time or a pending U.S. utility patent application, effectively addresses a recognized humanitarian issue.
  2. Target Population – the applicant’s actions target an impoverished population affected by the humanitarian issue.
  3. Contribution – the applicant took meaningful actions to make the technology more available for humanitarian uses. This only includes actions taken by the applicant.
  4. Impact – the applicant’s contributions have significantly advanced deployment of the technology to benefit the target population. This includes downstream actions by third parties building on the applicant’s contributions.


Humanitarian Research is for increasing the availability of patented technologies to other researchers for conducting research with a humanitarian purpose, particularly areas lacking commercial application:

  1. Subject matter – the applicant’s technology, which is claimed in a U.S. utility patent in force at the time or a pending U.S. utility patent application, effectively supports research by others, e.g., as a tool or input.
  2. Neglected Field – the research by others clearly targets a humanitarian issue in an area lacking significant commercial application.
  3. Contribution – the applicant took meaningful actions to make the technology more available for research by others in the neglected field. This only includes actions taken by the applicant.
  4. Impact – the research by others has a high potential for significant impact on the neglected field. This includes downstream actions by third parties using the applicant’s contributions.



In a 2015 address at the Patents for Humanity Awards Ceremony, USPTO Director Michelle K. Lee gave a speech not just welcoming everyone, but explaining some of the beautiful aspects of this program.

“Consider what these award winners have been able to accomplish. They have found new and innovative ways to: combat malaria, tuberculosis, and malnutrition; improve basic sanitation; provide light through solar power; and increase mobility for disabled people; all in some of the most disadvantaged and under-served regions of the world. And, given the global impact of our program, I think it’s especially noteworthy that among this year’s Patents for Humanity winners are foreign recipients—from France, Germany, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom. In addition to the very tangible benefits their inventions and those of their fellow award winners will deliver, they will also inspire others to bring the power of innovation to bear on more of the world’s most pressing humanitarian challenges. “

From: https://www.uspto.gov/about-us/news-updates/remarks-michelle-k-lee-patents-humanity-awards-ceremony

They have not yet announced the 2017 winners. This typically happens sometime in late September/early October. However, here are the 2016 winners for your reading pleasure:

From: https://www.uspto.gov/patent/initiatives/patents-humanity/2016-award-recipients

The 2016 Patents for Humanity awards recognize four recipients and two honorable mentions, selected from the 2015 application pool.


Award Winners

  • S. Food & Drug Administration– for developing an improved meningitis vaccine production process that’s been used to immunize 235 million people in high-risk Africa countries.
  • Case Western Reserve University – for creating a low-cost, accurate malaria detection device using magnets and lasers that allows better diagnosis and treatment.
  • GestVision, Inc – for developing a quick, simple diagnostic test for preeclampsia, a potentially life threatening pregnancy complication, for use in developing regions.
  • Global Good Fund at Intellectual Ventures – for creating a passive cooler that can keep vaccines cold over 30 days and donating dozens of units to the fight against Ebola and other relief efforts.

Honorable Mentions

  • Alere Inc – for developing diagnostic assays for rapid and early HIV diagnosis at the point of care in low-resource settings.
  • Sanofi – for researching new malaria drug candidates with shorter, simpler treatment regimens that can potentially counter the growing trend of drug resistance.

Read more about their stories below.

Award Winners

Category Recipient
Drugs & Vaccines U.S. Food & Drug Administration


Meningitis A is a devastating disease afflicting 26 countries in Africa’s meningitis belt across sub-Saharan Africa.  Thousands of people would die or be disabled each year, such as the 1996-97 epidemic when 25,000 were killed and a quarter million afflicted.  The disease primarily afflicts young adults and children, leaving many wage earners with permanent brain damage.  The Meningitis Vaccine Program (MVP) was formed by the health non-profit PATH, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, and the World Health Organization to combat this epidemic.


Besides regulating the safety of food and health products, the U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA) also conducts research on human health issues.  FDA scientists set out to create a better meningitis vaccine production method for the MVP.  The new technology they came up with raised the vaccine production yield from 20% to 60% and enabled the vaccine to last up to four days without refrigeration, unlike previous vaccines.  FDA licensed the technology to the MVP and hosted production scientists from MVP’s Indian manufacturer to teach them how to use the vaccine production technology.  As a result, more than 235 million people in Africa’s meningitis belt have been immunized with MenAfriVac® since 2010.  Only four cases of meningitis A were reported in 2013 in the immunized region covering 16 countries.  In 2015, the World Health Organization (WHO) recommended that MenAfriVac® be introduced in routine immunization schedules in sub-Saharan Africa.  This will ensure that infants are protected against meningitis and will maintain population-wide immunity.

Medical Diagnostics Case Western Reserve University


Accurately diagnosing malaria is a difficult problem, with an estimated half of global cases undiagnosed.  The standard microscope test has low sensitivity with up to 30% false positives and 20% false negatives.  This causes people infected with malaria to go untreated and people without malaria to receive anti-malarial drugs, contributing to drug resistance.  Engineers and doctors at Case Western Reserve University (CWRU) designed a rapid, accurate, low-cost malaria diagnostic test to address this problem.  The Magneto-Optical Detection (MOD) device uses lasers and magnets to diagnose malaria in a completely new way, by detecting iron-laden byproducts of the parasite in the blood.  This provides results in minutes with just a finger prick blood sample.  The device can be ten times cheaper per test than the current standard and can be run by ordinary caregivers with minimal training.  CWRU has conducted field trials diagnosing malaria in the Amazon, India, and Kenya.  Since receiving an honorable mention in the 2014 Patents for Humanity program, CWRU has begun working with manufacturers to produce the device at scale for wider user.

Medical Diagnostics



GestVision, Inc


Preeclampsia (PE) is a pregnancy complication that is the leading cause of prenatal death for mothers and babies worldwide, mostly in low and middle income countries.  Although most deaths are preventable, approximately 63,000 women die from PE annually.  In developed countries, PE can be diagnosed by regular doctor visits and laboratory tests, allowing treatment before severe symptoms if caught in time.  However, in developing regions without regular prenatal care, PE is often undiagnosed until serious complications such as seizure, stroke or organ failure occur.  Startup company GestVision has developed a rapid, affordable urine test caregivers can use to diagnose PE in low-resource settings.  The test detects misfolded proteins in urine associated with PE, which may be shown by a colored dot similar to a pregnancy test.  GestVision’s test kits are currently being used in clinical studies around the world, including Bangladesh, Mexico, and South Africa under a grant to The Research Institute at Nationwide Children’s Hospital from Saving Lives at Birth, which is a collaboration of USAID, the Gates Foundation, and others to seek groundbreaking prevention and treatment approaches for pregnant women and newborns in poor, hard-to-reach communities.  Following initial research at Yale University, GestVision was created to further develop the technology.  GestVision is working on a manufacturing process to produce the kits in large volume.

Medical Devices



Global Good Fund at Intellectual Ventures


Delivering vaccines to off-grid regions is complicated by the need to keep them cold.  The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that 25-50% of global vaccines are wasted annually, much of this due to problems with maintaining a refrigeration “cold chain” during delivery.  Researchers at Global Good designed the Arktek cooler to keep vaccines cold for over a month with no power required.  The device combines an advanced design with high-efficiency insulation materials to prevent heat transfer.


The Global Good Fund managed by Intellectual Ventures is dedicated to inventing technology that improves lives in the developing world.  They aim to develop sustainable commercialization models which ensure the technology is affordable, accessible, and appropriate for developing regions.  Global Good donated 30 Arktek coolers to help the WHO deliver vaccines during the Ebola outbreak in 2014, and other units to Nepal to assist with vaccinations after the 2015 earthquake.  They have also collaborated with the Clinton Health Access Initiative, PATH, the Gates Foundation, UNICEF, and other United Nations organizations to conduct field trials with over 50 devices in Ghana, Senegal, Ethiopia and Nigeria.  Arktek has been used to store vaccines for tuberculosis, polio, and the pentavalent vaccines covering influenza, whooping cough, tetanus, hepatitis B, and diphtheria.  The technology has been licensed to a leading refrigeration manufacturer to produce the device at scale for an affordable price.


Honorable Mentions

Honorable mentions are awarded to outstanding projects with promising accomplishments.  These projects remain eligible for an award in the future with further development.

Medical Diagnostics Alere Inc

for developing diagnostic assays for rapid and early HIV diagnosis  at the point of care in in low-resource settings.

Drugs & Vaccines Sanofi

for researching new malaria drug candidates with shorter, simpler treatment regimens that can potentially counter the growing trend of drug resistance.


At Mohr IP Law, we hope your invention is good for humanity but sometimes even that is subjective. Whether you have a new type of disco light or way to fry food–or an admirable way to clean our oceans, we are all ears. We don’t have awards ceremonies but we hope patenting something for humanity will be rewarding in itself. Contact us today to get your intellectual property project started.




Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Patents That Help Us Get in Shape

Do you recognize these items in your gym? They’ve changed some but interestingly enough have stuck true to their beginnings…




Rowing Machine


 Rowing Machine.png

Exercise stair device






Skier training apparatus which allows for transverse and longitudinal movement



At Mohr IP Law we try to keep as physically and mentally fit as possible. We’re not personal trainers but we can help you maintain your body of intellectual property. Contact us today.


Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Spring Cleaning with Dyson

If you’re like me, you’re extremely impressed by Dyson products. We happen to own a used Dyson vacuum that was gifted by a friend. Prior to owning this vacuum my thoughts were: Why would anyone spend so much on a vacuum? Do they really work as well as advertised or does Dyson just want to suck up our money (get it-a vacuum joke)?

I’ve come to learn that these vacuums work like Vegas show magic…and I now see why people are willing to dish out close to a thousand dollars for one. If the vacuums weren’t enough -there’s also now Dyson product lines for hair care, hand dryers, lighting, and air treatment. http://www.dyson.com/

I can’t help but wonder who is this brilliant British man? Did his Mom come home from work and find him on the floor with her vacuum completely dismantled? And maybe him looking in her eyes for trust and the reassurance of, “Don’t worry Mum, I’ll make you a better vacuum with more suction.”

James Dyson spent a year studying art and then transferred into furniture and interior design. Then he became interested in engineering and inventing. While he doesn’t have a formal engineering education, he was later given an honorary engineering degree. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Dyson

Dyson was disillusioned by his Hoover vacuum and felt that when it was trying to pick up dirt it struggled and lost suction. He had the idea in the late 1970s of using cyclonic separation to create a bag free vacuum that maintained suction. This idea as inspired by how sawmills work. http://www.dyson.com/community/aboutdyson.aspx

Dyson wasn’t always successful. It is believed that it took Dyson 5,127 protypes. In 1986, more than 10 years after his idea came to fruition; he obtained his first US Patent:


Even though he won the 1991 International Design Fair Prize in Japan no major manufacturers wanted to buy or license his vacuum. As a result, he created his own manufacturing company in 1993. Finally after numerous years in debt, his vacuum became a hit primarily due to a TV advertising campaign which highlighted that no bags were needed. The slogan on the ad was, “Say goodbye to the bag.”

By 1999, companies like Hoover (the very company that made the vacuum that inspired him) lost a lawsuit to Dyson. The Court ruled that Hoover deliberately copied the bag-less feature and suction technology (that was patented in the UK and US). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Dyson

Dyson didn’t stop trying or inventing. The moral of the story is if you have something amazing it may require you to make life sacrifices to work on it. The other moral of the story is, intellectual property protection is extremely valuable. Dyson is currently worth 5 billion pounds (I’m not sure what the American Dollar equivalent is). I can guarantee that if he wasn’t diligent about IP protection, he may have lost not only money, but his brilliant ideas to others.

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

When you’re taking a break from work and thinking (or doing) your spring cleaning, remember to contact Mohr IP Law. Whether you have an idea for a vacuum, hair dryer, or dog toy –we are here for you. Please contact us today for more information.

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Don’t Pass Over Passover and Easter Patents



















At Mohr IP Law, our team would like to wish you and your family a Happy Pesach (Passover) and Happy Easter. If you don’t celebrate either, we want to wish you a happy digestion of delicious food and a joyful tolerance of any family discussions/arguments. And to all, a happy spring season. Audrey Hepburn said, “To plant a garden is to believe in tomorrow.” She may have said the same about patents but that’s just a guess. Please contact us today to start your intellectual protection process.

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Hanging with Your Peeps

wpid-20120223__120226-peeps       It’s that time of the year when chocolate bunnies, chocolate eggs, and peeps line the grocery store aisles. Some love peeps and can’t get enough of them. Others look at them in disgust. What did these delicious baby birds made of sugar, corn syrup, and gelatin ever do to you?

Peeps are made by a candy manufacturer in Pennsylvania named Just Born. This company with an adorable name acquired the Rodda Candy Company and its marshmellow chick line. Before they did peeps weren’t mass produced or made by machines—they were hand-formed.  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peeps.

Sam Borne, the son of Just Born’s founder decided that making each chick by hand by squeezing marshmellow  substance out of a pastry bag was not effective. As a result, he created a depositor that could make 30 peeps at a time (6 rows of 5) and in a quicker amount of time. http://bakingbites.com/2016/03/10-fun-facts-about-peeps/

Peeps have been around for about 64-65 years at this point. While peeps were new in the sense of being marshmallows formed into a baby bird and colored yellow (now all different colors), they were not new. It is believed that in the early 1900s, Archibald Query of Somerville made the first marshmellow fluff in his kitchen and sold it door to door. https://www.thoughtco.com/history-of-marshmallows-1991773

There was also Elvis who loved “Fluffernutters.” That sounds dirty but was actually his pension for heated marshmellows molded to fit inside his peanut butter sandwiches. Excuse me while I walk away from this blog to try that (joking…but this does sound amazing). https://www.thoughtco.com/history-of-marshmallows-1991773

The facts could go on and on. I found scores of them:






You may be wondering –What are the most important facts from the links above. I’m going to go with these:

-The same recipe has been used for the past 50 plus years

-People eat Peeps hot, cold, and frozen. Some even put them on pizza. If you can think of it, it’s been peeped/peepified.

-Peeps were yellow only until 1995 when pink and white were launched (now there is quite the variety).

-Peeps are the best-selling non-chocolate Easter candy.

-In the 80s bunnies were introduced into the mix (not just chicks). They had been around occasionally in the 60s as a trial or seasonal but not a permanent staple and with their own line of sorts.

-It is estimated that 5.5-6 million peeps are made every day.

-Peeps used to have wings-In 1950 they were clipped literally.

-Just Born who now makes Peeps also makes Mike and Ikes.

-One Peep is 32 calories and 8 grams of sugar. But why not make a meal out of a box-it’s Easter, right?!?

-There are several peeps contests annually including this Peeps Diorama one (which I am also including a picture of winner in the pictures below. Pictures below are from this site: http://www.ifitshipitshere.com/a-peep-inside-the-donalds-head/

-More pictures and a story about the contest can be found at: https://www.washingtonpost.com/lifestyle/magazine/peeps/?utm_term=.b5adb98e45cb

-Here is a link to one of Just Born’s Peep related Trademarks. Note –this particular trademark is a trade dress. It protects the company’s unique 3-d shape of the Peep and was filed and granted in 1998 and has been maintained: http://tsdr.uspto.gov/#caseNumber=75276326&caseType=SERIAL_NO&searchType=statusSearch

At Mohr IP Law, we want to hear more than a peep out of you. Do you have a sweet idea or an egg-cellent product that should be protected before it becomes all gobbled up? Contact us today for more information.

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

The Weather Permits Patents

Monday March 20th was the start of spring. I don’t know about you but I look forward to flowers blooming, the sun shining (I know we’re in Portland but it does happen), and activities like hiking in the Columbia River Gorge.

To celebrate the approaching weather changes, I thought it would be fun to share with you some weather related patents:

Thermometer, US 798211 A



Flood hydrograph and rain-gage recorder, US 3309710 A



Barometer, US 784986 A



Weather forecasting apparatus, US 4218755 A



Weather-Vane, US 1093062 A

Weather radar with turbulence detection, US 4835536 A


At Mohr IP Law we are fair and not fair-weathered. We will be with you at good and bad times, sunshine or rain. If you’re ready to protect your intellectual property contact us today. All of the rain shouldn’t just help flowers bloom; it’s time for your ideas to get some sun.

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment